Posts tagged history
This is Part 2 in a four part series on the History of Rio de Janeiro’s Military Police. Click for Part 1.
Bandido favelado não se varre com vassoura se varre com granada com fuzil, metralhadora
(Favela criminal you don’t sweep them away with a broom you sweep them away with grenades with rifles, machine guns)
As we have seen, the mandate of the Brazilian police force throughout its history has been heavily based on colonial notions of citizenship. Those ‘with’ tend to be seen as honest, hardworking citizens, whilst those ‘without’ are viewed as criminals, or potential criminals. In More >
In 1978 favela residents, liberation theologians and activists mobilized to successfully defend Vidigal against eviction attempts. Those protesting removal used ingenious methods of resistance. These included providing daily coffees to placate COMLURB (Rio’s waste collection company) workers, those employed to evict the protesters, recognizing that they, too, were poor and hungry. These garis (street sweepers) soon made it clear to the government that they wouldn’t remove any of the belongings of residents who wished to stay. Brazilianist Bryan McCann, author of the new book Hard Times in the Marvelous City: From Dictatorship to Democracy in the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro, describes the efforts as More >
José Luiz da Silva Soares, known as Luiz Soares, is the Social Mediator at the Manguinhos Park Library. Luiz is 41 years old, was born in Tijuca, and lived in various neighborhoods of Rio de Janeiro before moving to the Complexo de Manguinhos favela in the North Zone of Rio in 1995. As he was already an adult, it was a big change in his life. Despite this, Luiz never left. “The good things we see in the favela are solidarity, friendship, union—this is really cool, this is priceless,” he says.
He started to become involved in social work in several communities More >
This is Part 1 in a four-part series on the History of Rio de Janeiro’s Military Police. Click for Part 2.
To fully understand the nature of the Brazilian police force today, it is necessary to know about the context in which it was originally created. In 1808, threatened by the impending invasion of Napoleon, the Portuguese royal family took the decision to move to Rio de Janeiro, taking its Court of nearly 15,000 people with it. Rio´s law enforcement until that point had consisted in unarmed watchmen (guardas) chosen by the town council working alongside neighbourhood inspectors (known as quadrilheiros) employed by local judges. However, More >
Rio’s oldest favela, Morro da Providência, lies just 2km from Cidade Nova, known today mostly as the location of Rio’s City Hall. Soldiers returning in 1897 from the Canudos war in Brazil’s Northeastern state of Bahia, named it Morro da Favela, or “Favela Hill.” ‘Favela’ was the name of another hill near the battlefields of Canudos, as well as the colloquial name of a native plant (Cnidoscolus quercifolius) that was prominent in that area, a name imported by the first settlers of Rio’s hills. As other hills nearby soon became inhabited by migrants or other dislocated citizens, during the Pereira More >