‘Blackiteracy’ and the Empowered Rê Tinta Anti-Racist Comics

After Becoming a Father to Two Autistic Girls, Estevão Ribeiro Created Rê Tinta, Who Is Now Educating a Generation of Children

Rê Tinta, a character in a children’s comic strip created by Estevão Ribeiro
Rê Tinta, a character in a children’s comic strip created by Estevão Ribeiro

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The “blackiteracy” project Rê Tinta was created to promote literacy among black children in Rio de Janeiro and help teach their classmates to be anti-racist. It all started through a comic strip, but is growing into a social policy that offers books by black authors and reading circles to the little ones.

“Blackiteracy”, or afrobetização in Portuguese, involves pairing literacy and anti-racist education in early childhood. The term, which has been gaining ground in the last decade, is based on the principle that no one is born racist. For this reason, it understands the importance of empowering children to reduce the harms caused by structural racism.


Father of six-year-old twins, both black with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Estevão Ribeiro decided to act against the lack of representation of black children in children’s books and comics. Fatherhood led Ribeiro, 43, to create Renata TintaRê Tinta to fans, and also a play on words in Portuguese denoting dark skin and black pridein 2018. The anti-racist comics empower children and adults and teach blackiteracy through social critiques that reflect on structural racism. And they’ve even become published books: Rê Tinta: I’m Black, Therefore I Resist and Rê Tinta and the Jamun Tree.

“Rê Tinta, do you believe in reverse racism?” / “No, only in perverse racism.”
Translation: “Rê Tinta, do you believe in reverse racism?” / “No, only in perverse racism.”

Born and raised in peripheral neighborhoods in the state of Espírito Santo’s capital, Vitória, Ribeiro moved to other vulnerable areas when he moved to Rio de Janeiro. Currently a resident of the outskirts of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro’s sister city across Guanabara Bay, he’s lived in the neighborhoods of Beltrão, in Fonseca, and currently lives in Santa Rosa. Aside from race-related themes, Ribeiro weaves in others such as religion, fatherhood and motherhood, politics, and ancestry into his work, from a black perspective. Rê Tinta has already reached nearly 15,000 followers on Instagram.

“Education is also part of our job. We have to share our knowledge, as many of our elders did with us. We can learn so much through stories. And so, just like someone in the community tells their stories, the griots share their stories from the past. We’re storytelling for our village too, a village that spreads out very far.” — Estevão Ribeiro

Rê Tinta talks about all types of mothers, including the mothers of victims of the State
Rê Tinta talks about all types of mothers, including the mothers of victims of police violence. Translation: Rê Tinta, by Estevão Ribeiro. / There are mothers who believe… “May God give you wisdom, son!” / …mothers who deceive… “We’ll get it on the way back, Rê!” – “Mrs Jane, the term for that is TRICKERY!” / …mothers of many… / …all of whom are very clever! “You can’t fool me, Marcelina!” / But on this day, let’s remember the mother whose child isn’t here. – “He was a WORKER!”

Trajectory, Obstacles, and Inspiration

Estevão Ribeiro always loved drawing, having begun at age 14. By age 21, he published his first comic strip in Espírito Santo’s Jornal Notícia Agora. After moving to Rio de Janeiro almost 15 years ago, his comic strips were published in the newspapers O Dia, Meia Hora, and Extra. In 2008 he created the comic strip Little Birds, published in Brazil, Nicaragua, Portugal, Panama, and Ecuador.

Rê Tinta on the paternal abandonment of black children
Rê Tinta on the paternal abandonment of black children. Translation: Rê Tinta, by Estevão Ribeiro. / “And what are you going to do with the prize, Yuri?” – “I’m going to buy a house for my mom!” / “It’s true! The first pile of money a black person gets their hands on goes to buying their mom a house!” – “Yes, and just for the mom!” / “Their dad isn’t even on their minds!” – “How so?” / “Their dad is present in his abandonment! That never leaves anyone’s mind!”

Being a black man and father of two black autistic girls led Ribeiro to create an empowered character, who’s educating other children like his own daughters.

“I’m a father of twin girls and they’re on the autism spectrum. One of them has slightly more trouble with speaking, so it’s yet another challenge. My biggest challenge at the moment is their independence. It’s like I’m working so that they can enjoy better conditions to increasingly develop and become independent adults. This is what I’m fighting for now. I obviously hope to be raising empowered, anti-racist girls, who are aware of their privileges.” — Estevão Ribeiro

Rê Tinta criticizing low black representation in the Oscars
Rê Tinta criticizing low black representation in the Oscars. Translation: “Will Smith is banned from the Oscars for 10 years.” / “You know what’s even worse? By the time you make it back to the Academy, it’s likely you’ll still be the last black person to have won Best Actor.”

The books telling the adventures of Rê Tinta are already in the hands of over 20,000 children from the Rio de Janeiro state public school network, teaching blackiteracy to kids of all backgrounds. And the story that empowers so many children almost never came to be, said Ribeiro. Because he almost gave up on drawing.

“I started drawing early on, but stopped because I kept running into people with much more talent than me, and I thought my talent was limited to writing. So I dedicated myself to writing until I was 20 years old. When I had to write my bio, I realized I had no biographic entries. So then I started drawing myself… I started working, but independently, because when you write comics, you always depend on a cartoonist. And not everyone is up for investing in stories as much as you, their creator, isn’t that right? From then on, this type of need ended up instilling a desire to draw, and I thought: I’m going to go back to drawing.” — Estevão Ribeiro

These days, Ribeiro feels that believing in his gift was the right response for his journey and for the journeys of thousands of other children and adults, black and white, around the world. “The Rê Tinta comic strips are featured in school tests. Some made it to university exams and others to educational textbooks. So I believe my material has contributed a little to education in this country.”

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