Posts tagged research findings
For the original in Portuguese by Alicia Nascimento Aguiar on Agência USP de Notícias click here.
Spending on health and sanitation, both at the federal and municipal level, have been the most effective in reducing poverty in Brazil in recent years, reveals research by the Luiz de Queiroz College for Agriculture (Esalq) of the University of São Paulo, in Piracicaba. This is followed by state level spending on both education and culture, and federal social security and welfare assistance. The study was conducted by the economist Martha Hanae Hiromoto, as part of her master’s dissertation in Applied Economics, supported by Professor Ana More >
The financial assistance given to families living in extreme poverty through the program Bolsa Família (“Family Stipend”) does not deter them from searching for work, or from becoming entrepreneurs themselves. The conclusion comes from the national Research Institute for Applied Economics (Ipea), after an analysis of Brazilian micro-entrepreneurship. “The Bolsa Família does not produce an effect of laziness or apathy in its recipients. The majority of beneficiaries being entrepreneurs with formalized businesses is proof of that,” says Rafael Moreira.
Moreira is one of the researchers focusing on the individual microentrepreneur–a More >
For original article in Portuguese in Carta Capital click here.
Brazil currently has 12 million people living in favelas. They are responsible for generating R$38.6 billion per year in commercial activity, which is equivalent, for example, to the GDP of Bolivia. If they were a state, they would form the fifth most populous Brazilian state; Rio de Janeiro’s favelas alone would comprise, together, the ninth largest city in the country.
The figures, released on Wednesday February 20th, are the result of DataFavela, a study conducted by the Data Popular institute in partnership with Celso Athayde, former head of the Central Única de Favelas More >
For original article by Fabio Brisolla in Folha de São Paulo, click here.
Nine out of ten residents of the favelas in Rio de Janeiro, under the age of 30, access the World Wide Web. The majority access the Internet on a computer from home and prioritize social media, such as Facebook, when online.
The above statements resulted from research conducted with residents between 15 and 29 years of age, from five different low income areas of Rio de Janeiro: Rocinha (South Zone), City of God (West Zone), Manguinhos (North Zone), Complexo do Alemão and More >
For original article in Folha de São Paulo in Portuguese click here.
According to research conducted by the project “Solos Culturais” (Cultural Grounds), the use of computers in favela residences has surpassed Internet access from ‘Lanhouses’ (as cybercafés are known in Brazil) – the traditional meeting point of Internet users in low income areas.
Business owner Alexandre Ferreira, 43 years old, had already noticed the change in habit.
“I founded one of the first cybercafes in Rocinha, but closed shop because demand slowed dramatically,” says Ferreira, who closed his business in 2010. With the More >