This article is part of RioOnWatch’s #VoicesFromSocialMedia series, which compiles perspectives posted on social media by favela residents and activists about events and societal themes that arise.
Torrential rains and flash floods have rocked Rio de Janeiro, taking a heavy toll on the city at large, including its favelas. The downpour on the evening of Monday, April 8 continued overnight and into Tuesday evening, killing at least ten and leaving several others missing.
Amid landslides, fallen trees, and crumbling roads, Mayor Marcelo Crivella declared a state of emergency on Monday evening, closing schools and advising residents to avoid leaving their homes. As rain sirens sounded throughout the city, many favela residents found themselves in danger. This week’s catastrophic rainfall, the strongest recorded in Rio in 22 years, marks the second in just over two months, as landslides in early February left seven dead. Rio’s City Council recently launched a Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry on Flooding to improve public accountability for disaster prevention and response. Crivella, who told journalists on Tuesday morning that such levels of rainfall are “atypical,” blamed the city’s lack of preparation on previous administrations.
Local and international media were quick to point out, however, that Rio has seen a steep decline in public spending on flood control systems since Crivella assumed office. Indeed, the Municipal Conservation Secretariat (SECONSERVA) authorized no new spending between January and April of this year.
Globo breaks down spending by Rio city hall on urban drainage (by year in which works were carried out).
2016 – Paes – R$55.3mn
2017 – Crivella – R$33.5mn
2018 – Crivella – R$24.4mn
2019 – Crivella – R$0https://t.co/NBisBtRXh9 https://t.co/qX0qiQkYLD
— David Biller (@DLBiller) April 9, 2019
Numerous favela communities saw lives, homes, and property destroyed. RioOnWatch surveyed social media reports from favela activists and residents across the city. The following should be considered a nonexhaustive list, as favelas citywide saw extreme damage and loss. At the bottom of the page, you can find resources for donating to affected communities.
A landslide in Babilônia, in the city’s South Zone overlooking Leme beach, killed sisters Doralice and Gerlaine Nascimento as a landslide buried them in their home. Following a search-and-rescue effort, Gilson Cezar Cerqueira dos Santos—who appears to have attempted to help the Nascimento sisters—was also found dead.
Babilônia’s rain siren was not activated because rain levels did not reach the required minimum of 45mm/hour. Crivella later announced the city would revise its siren protocols.
According to residents of Vidigal, which overlooks the Sheraton Hotel and is neighbor to Leblon beach, the local rain siren blared throughout the day. The favela also saw its central byway, Avenida Niemeyer, become completely impassable.
The hillside between Cantagalo favela and the beachfront neighborhood of Ipanema saw landslides impacting Ipanema’s residential buildings.
Rocinha and Surrounding Region
On Tuesday afternoon, local media confirmed several additional deaths, including that of Guilherme Nascimento, a resident of Parque da Cidade—a small favela community located next to Rocinha, in Rio’s South Zone. Firefighters found Nascimento’s body trapped underneath a car in the high end next door neighborhood of Gávea.
On Twitter, Rocinha residents posted videos and photos of floodwaters surging downhill.
A Rocinha sempre é castigada pela chuva devido a localização geográfica e… a falta de obras de saneamento básico. No vídeo, uma mulher está ilhada e correndo risco de ser levada pela água. pic.twitter.com/pwVCAlk4yh
— Michel Silva (@eumichelsilva) April 8, 2019
“Rocinha is always punished by the rain, given its geographic location and lack of basic sanitation works. In this video, a woman is stranded and at risk of being swept away by the rainwater,” wrote Rocinha community journalist Michel Silva.
According to City Hall, multiple favelas in the city’s South and West Zones saw four-hour rainfall levels surge well above monthly averages. The severe rains did not only affect favelas, however. The entire city was hard hit. Jardim Botânico, home to the city’s Botanical Gardens as well as the headquarters of Globo, saw some 150mm of rainfall in under four hours, more than anticipated for the entire month of April. And a grandmother and grandchild, along with their taxi driver, were found buried after the storm in Botafogo, the heart of Rio’s South Zone.
As hourly news programs looped footage of submerged cars and stranded buses in Jardim Botânico, favela residents, particularly in other regions of the city and region, lamented the disproportionate coverage. “Globo‘s media coverage is only for…the South Zone. Guaratiba, Rio das Pedras, and Campo Grande [in the city’s West Zone] are still being punished by the rain and we see nothing in their so-called ‘coverage.’ This is abandonment in every sense of the word,” wrote one resident.
A cobertura que o jornalismo Globo está fazendo é só pra parte da Zona Sul. Guaratiba, Rio das Pedras, Campo Grande ainda sendo castigada pela chuva e não passa nada nessa tal "cobertura". O abandono é em todos os sentidos. #ChuvaRj
— João Felix (@joaofelixmi) April 9, 2019
Others from the West Zone shared footage of a flooded market in the Rio das Pedras favela, with rainwater at waist-level and entire stalls ruined.
Situação triste e caótica em Rio das Pedras.#ChuvaRJ pic.twitter.com/IJ7hAOfKEw
— Gleriston Barbosa (@rodrigues_gb) April 9, 2019
City of God
Media collective Cdd Acontece of City of God, warned of continuing rainfall into Tuesday afternoon as “several parts [of the neighborhood] are still flooded.”
Antares activist Jessé Andarilho posted a video from his mother’s house, calling on residents across the city to help with donations.
The favela of Muzema saw rivers form in the streets, overturning cars and destroying cobblestone roads.
#balancogeralrj comunidade da muzema Itanhangá pic.twitter.com/LCSLbohxmf
— Romario Ramos (@Gordin_90) April 9, 2019
Residents of Indiana and Borel reported that an improper construction project by a nearby school had interrupted the regular flow of water exiting the Tijuca National Park. Irregular currents thus flooded the community rather than flowing into the neighboring Maracanã River.
Local media collective Fala Manguinhos reported widespread flooding throughout the favela, writing: “ATTENTION. The water has reached many houses in Manguinhos and the river overflowed a while ago. Residents are trapped in their houses. The fear is constant. Whoever has additional information, send in comments.”
Members of Acari media collective Fala Akari captured footage of an armored personnel carrier from the Military Police stranded between buildings, writing: “Instead of the Civil Defense, the state sends a tank from the 41st Battalion [of the Military Police].”
Greater Rio de Janeiro—Niterói
Morro do Cavalão
In Niterói, federal representative Talíria Petrone (Socialism and Liberty Party–PSOL) shared footage of a landslide and collapsing houses in the Cavalão favela. She wrote “A video we received from Morro do Cavalão in Niterói. We have information that one person was buried but rescued and now in care at the Azevedo Lima Hospital. We ask that anyone that lives in an area of risk seek safe shelter. We demand that City Hall guarantee people’s safety.”
Tuesday evening, Cavalão reported a second landslide. None were hurt.
Vídeo que recebemos do Morro do Cavalão, em Niterói. Temos informação de que uma pessoa foi soterrada, mas socorrida e agora está no Hospital Azevedo Lima. Pedimos para quem mora em área de risco procure um abrigo seguro. Exigimos que a Prefeitura garanta a segurança das pessoas. pic.twitter.com/SL6xoUhijK
— Talíria Petrone #TemGenteComFome (@taliriapetrone) April 9, 2019
If you live outside of Rio de Janeiro and want to support victims, you can donate to Catalytic Communities, the Brazilian NGO and USA 501[c] nonprofit that publishes RioOnWatch, here, and 100% of your contribution will be passed on to community groups organizing donations below. Please write “2019 Rains” in the “earmark” category. Or simply message firstname.lastname@example.org informing us that your contribution is earmarked for “2019 Rains.”
DONATION DROP-OFF LOCATION IN BABILÔNIA
📍 Motorcycle taxi stop – Ladeira Ari Barroso, 66
DONATION DROP-OFF LOCATIONS IN ROCINHA
📍Nossa Senhora da Boa Viagem Parish – Estrada da Gávea, 445
📍First Baptist Church of Rocinha – Estrada da Gávea, 436
DONATION DROP-OFF LOCATION IN HORTO
📍Horto Baptist Church – Rua Pacheco Leão, 1306
DONATION DROP-OFF LOCATION IN CITY OF GOD
📍Wesleyan Methodist Church (in front of the Alphonsus de Guimaraes Municipal School) – Rua Carmelo, 19
DONATION DROP-OFF LOCATIONS IN SANTA CRUZ
📍Basement of the Nossa Senhora da Conceição Parish – Praça Dom Romualdo, 11
📍Lar de Francisca Spiritist Center (near McDonald’s) – Rua General Olímpio, 52B
📍Jesus Salvador do Mundo Parish – Rua Pitombeiras, 554
DONATION DROP-OFF LOCATIONS IN MANGUINHOS
📍Fiocruz (CSE Germano Sinval Farias Health Center, National Institute of Infectology, Joaquim Venâncio Polytechnic Health School, Fiocruz Workers Union) – Avenida Brasil, 4365
📍Varginha Residents’ Association
DONATION DROP-OFF LOCATIONS IN MARE
📍Fiocruz Expansion Pavillion – Avenida Brasil, 4036
DONATION DROP-OFF LOCATIONS OUTSIDE OF FAVELAS
📍Brazilian Order of Attorneys (OAB–RJ) – Marechal Câmara Avenue, 150 (downtown Rio)
📍CAARJ – Marechal Câmara Avenue, 210 (downtown Rio)
📍Citizens Action Cultural Center – Avenida Barão de Tefé, 75 (Saúde)
📍Instituto Fernandes Figueira (IFF/Fiocruz) – Avenida Rui Barbosa, 716 (Flamengo)
📍Foundation for Children and Adolescents – Rua Voluntários da Pátria, 120 (Botafogo)
📍Medical Technology Complex (CTM/Fiocruz) – Avenida Comandante Guaranys, 447 (Jacarepaguá)
📍Professor Hélio Fraga Reference Center (Fiocruz) – Estrada de Curicica, 2000 (Jacarepaguá)
📍Federal Fluminense University (UFF) – Rua Miguel de Frias, 9 (Icaraí, Niterói)
📍Shopping malls: Nova América, Madureira, Rio Design Barra, Rio Design Leblon, Botafogo Praia, Boulevard, and Nova Iguaçu