Since the founding of the Grameen Bank in 1976, the use of microfinance in development economics has proven a remarkably effective method of providing credit to the impoverished. Often lacking access to even basic financial services, micro-businesses can benefit from the increase in liquidity. To offer affordable products, organizations and financial institutions lend on the basis of solidarity lending, where microentrepreneurs form lending groups to borrow money. A loan is given to one member of the group, and it is the responsibility of all members to ensure its repayment. This allows lenders to not require collateral or good credit because all group More >
For the original article in Portuguese by Caio Quero on BBC Brasil click here.
The creation of shopping malls in Rio’s favelas may reinforce the distance between these communities and the rest of the city, in addition to increasing the social differences among residents of these neighborhoods.
This is the opinion of Itamar Silva, director of the Brazilian Institute of Social and Economic Analysis (IBASE) and a resident of the Santa Marta favela, located in Rio’s South Zone. According to him, relations in favelas are traditionally characterized by open circulation, thus the creation of malls in these neighborhoods may create divisions.
“I am critical of More >
For original post in Portuguese on Comitê Popular do Rio click here.
After Rio’s City government asked Google to reduce the presence of favelas on the map of Rio de Janeiro, the word “favela” was practically eliminated from the map, replaced by “morro,” or hill. Some communities simply vanished. The image above compares an area of Rio Comprido in 2011 and 2013.
The virtual removals are part of the city’s plans to make poverty and the poor invisible, in the virtual realm as well as in the real world, with forced evictions.
When I first thought about moving to Vidigal, the first and only concern of the few people that found it strange was: what about the drug traffickers? Since I knew the danger in this respect was zero, the hill seemed like a harmless place. My legs, however, found out little by little that this was not the case.
The greatest challenge of the favela for me was learning how to walk up the stairs quickly without falling. I have countless scars from my first year here. Among them, there are a few that have become affective tattoos. They are from the More >
For the original text in Portuguese by Léo Lima in Favela em Foco, click here.
On the evening of April 4th 2013, around 9pm, in the area known as Beira do Rio in the favela of Jacarezinho, heavily armed police from the community’s Pacifying Police Unit (UPP) were unable to control the confusion among residents of Pontilhão and lost control of the situation, resulting in the death of Aliélson Nogueira, 21 years old, shot in the back of the neck while eating a hot dog.
Following aggressive stop and search police action on possible suspects of drug trafficking, residents rebelled against the police and–as is More >